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Wooden-architecture

5 months ago

Forgotten Kashubintsy: old manor house on the edge of destruction

Unique wooden manor in Kashubintsy Hrodna region threatened with extinction. A year Grodno ramesnitsa sought to sell her mansion got lost for restoration, but have not reached an agreement with the leadership of the local farmers. Recently unknown posryvali with roof manor and pavyrvali window.
Grodno historians argue that these estates remained not only in Grodno region - of their units in the whole Belarus. One of the Grodno newspaper last week published photos of the estate, which posryvali Schiffer.
But an official in a "Agrokombinat Skidelsky," on the balance of which is the mansion, explained to journalists that the property is not listed architectural monument - and, they say, "theoretically we can make out his former house, where no one lives."
Nevertheless, even on weekends estate again covered with slate, windows and doors are killed, and now the inside is not so easy to please. Grodno ramesnitsa and knowledgeable entrepreneur - Valentine year trying to negotiate with the management of the economy to an abandoned homestead or gave or sold it. Restore it must not only the estate, but also a park with a pond system.
 The estate is simply stolen what everyone wants, and dragged from there: were foiled terror, wooden floor pavydirali, brick property last carried with tiles, and the furnace is already impossible to restore even - in a word, thrown to the mockery. I saw it with my own eyes, my heart bleeds. And I was told that it is better to burn than to give me, because there are too many problems. I've walked all the bosses, and even regional, but nobody needs it - all repudiate and dismiss.
Valentine says that the estate allegedly put up for auction, but she could not even find where the auction was held. Now we have to re-auction, and she waits.
 I have now is not a watch for it, all of my friends to help, because all are interested to restore this beauty. I have many plans how to recover, that is carried out, my friends artists and entrepreneurs have expressed a desire to help in the recovery. But I was so tired in the struggle against bureaucracy, that if it does not now decide something, then more simply do not have this power.
Local ethnographer Vladimir Trohimchik shows that Schiffer, who recently on posryvali Manor, recently renewed
Well a few months ago the windows were intact, and now they uproot and boards pazakalochvali. Schiffer put another, but why and who tore the old? This property, with such a history - and so is cast ... It has survived three wars, in Soviet times, people lived and the club has been here, and the movie spinning and dancing were, and that just was not there. And now we take and just threw so much beauty ...
Near the homestead remains of looted malacharni - once the cheeses were taken away for sale in Grodno
Near the homestead remains of looted malacharni - once the cheeses were taken away for sale in Grodno
We walk around the estate, and Trohimchik tells and shows where and what was here before. At the time, he found more people who remember the days of the manor lord Blavdevicha.
 Here are the ponds, connected by a channel, and on the other side of the estate has three large ponds, they even stayed - it is remembered my countrymen, a lot of it was fish. And Pan Blavdevich even allowed to catch the villagers. And over there, it was on a tennis court, surrounded by a grid, a large park - there was even a night-light. Older people, when told about it, I said, such a beauty not seen even on TV. Here, even the lock was not there, no one stole, it was all on trust. And the people remembered the years of the life of a Pan happiest ...
Over a year ago I had to be in Kashubintsy. Then I talked with a local man who lived here a child, remembered Pan, Park estate. He told how in 1939 the Bolsheviks came here. Pan Blavdevicha arrested, but the whole village came to the commandant of the NKVD and said that not a single person for life pan is not offended, and asked to let him go. And Pan was released.
Grodno historians in 2014 filed an application to the Ministry of Culture to include estates in the list of historical and cultural values ​​of Belarus, but got out failure.

2 years ago

The history of the emergence of wooden monuments Norwegian

The second half of the XIX century. European culture is characterized by a surge of interest in the construction of the tree, which is especially clearly demonstrated the pavilions of various countries in the world exhibitions. The reason was primarily in the revival of people's tradition of serving signs of national identity. The specific form of the roof Gothic Norwegian Swedish pavilion at the Paris Exposition of 1867 was one of the first signs of an incipient movement. Each country had its own rationale for a return to the past, but it has given rise to similar trends in architecture, including wooden Noah. Objects of study and imitation steel Swiss Chalet, Russian huts, built in Scandinavian and American shingle style, half-timbered German, and so on. E., As a result of vzaimovli- yany breed in Europe a lot of wooden buildings. Interest in the wooden architecture of Norway manifested in Germany as early as the middle of the XIX century., When the Dresden artist Jan Christian Dahl bought for the Prussian King Friedrich Wil- helm IV in the province of Valdres wooden church constructions of "becoming" from the village of Vang in southern Norway. The design of "becoming" (another name - masted style) originated in the Scandinavian architecture in the Middle Ages, presumably over a sample of the Royal Viking Hall. It is based on the use of vertical poles and planks set and closely based on the horizontal beams. Basilica storage we like "becoming" had stepped silhouette, with a central nave high overlap gable roof, which was based on the rafters, for greater strength supported beams with braces in the form of St. Andrew's cross. Designed for disassembly, the church of the village Wang was transferred to Germany and reconstructed in the village Bryukenberg in Silesia (modern ny Karpacz Poland) in 1841-1843. Wooden ornaments in the form of a dragon's head, typical of medieval wooden churches tions, have proliferated in the architecture of Norway late XIX - early XX century. and gave the name of the new style.
Architect HH ​​Munthe (collab. With Sverre Olsen and P.). 1891 The earliest building in the Norwegian "dragon style" not only in East Prussia, but in the whole of Germany, appeared in Romintenskoy Forest. The complex of wooden hunting lodge, the remains of which are in Kaliningrad, was built in 1891 at the personal request of the German Kaiser Wilhelm II, a passionate hunter, tsenivshego local forest for the abundance of game. A little later, near the hunting lodge any temple and houses for workers forest. Kaiser Wilhelm II called travelers: only three months a year he spent in Berlin and Potsdam, in the rest tion time travel not only in Europe, but visited and Palestine, the Mediterranean islands, Northern Africa. For 26 years, from 1889 to 1914, he made an annual multi-month voyages to the northern European countries, which in the late XIX - early XX century. were ranked, in addition to the Scandinavian countries, as Finland and Russia. But the object of constant interest Wilhelm II was Norway, which at that time on me shirilos national-romantic movement. The then culture of the country relied heavily on ancient historical heritage of the legendary Viking, Norse revered for their ancestors. Wilhelm II wrote in his memoirs that he was also "associated with these people magic thread", and thought the Vikings old ancestors of the Germans. Annual visits to the Kaiser Norway contributed to the organization of tourist routes in this distant land, awakened interest in all of Germany to its harsh nature and scenic fjords, to the heroic, past the Vikings, ancient legends and sagas, was translated into German at the beginning of XX century. In 1910 in Germany was published 24 volumes compiled by the poet Eugenio Diderih- catfish, including samples of Norwegian poetry and prose, in Vol. H. "Ed" and many of the saga. Addiction German monarch to the northern culture af- a contradiction "vilgelminovskoy" of the late XIX - beginning of XX century eg. with its desire for progress and attempts total break with the past and at the same inclination to the legendary ancient, deep folk roots.